Environmental Biology and Ecology       2 Vols
Environmental Biology and Ecology 2 Vols
by Shukla/Pandey
Year 2008
Paperback/Hardbound Hardbound
ISBN 10 8190795236
ISBN 13 9788190795234
Language English
Outside India Price USD 599.95
Priceर 11995.00 र 10196.00
You Saveर 1799.00 (15.00%)
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Book Details
Untitled Document



Chapter 1 Concept and Scope of Environmental Biology
Introduction; derivation; definitions; environment and its types; ecological spectrum; biosphere vs. ecosphere; sub-divisions and scope of environmental biology.

Chapter 2 Environmental Factors
Definition of environment, biosphere, components of biosphere: 1- Atmosphere, 2- Lithosphere, 3- Hydrosphere; environmental factors 1. Abiotic factors : I- Physical factors viz. light, temperature, humidity (moisture), water, atmospheric gases, current and pressure; II-Edaphic factors, and III-Topographic factors, and 2. Biotic components.

Chapter 3 Essential Elements and Concept of Limiting Factors
Macro and Micro elements; Liebig’s law of minimum; Shelford’s law of Tolerance; Combined concept of limiting factors.

Chapter 4 Biotic Environment and Animal Relationships
Definition of biotic environment; Intra-specific and Interspecific relationship.

Chapter 5 Population Ecology
Introduction; Level of animal organization; definition of population; salient features of population; attributes of population; regulation of population size.

Chapter 6 Community Ecology
Definition: types of communities; common attributes of community: diversity, structure, dominants, pattern diversity, periodicity, interdependence, turnover, ecological niches, equivalents, ecotone and edge effect, concept of community, ecological succession; quantitative and qualitative attributes of the community.

Chapter 7 Ecosystem
Introduction; ecosystem homeostasis; characteristics of ecosystem; Evolution and diversity of ecosystem; Ecosystem and the laws of thermodynamics; structure of a typical ecosystem (freshwater ecosystem as an example); types of ecosystem; dynamics of ecosystem and significance of ecosystem study.

Chapter 8 Biogeochemical Cycle
Introduction; definition; phases of biogeochemical cycle; types of biogeochemical cycle– gaseous cycle(C, N and O); sedimentary cycle (S and P).

Chapter 9 Biomes[Terrestrial Habitat]
Definition, characteristics; major biomes of the world and their important fauna.

Chapter 10 Animal Distribution and Zoogeography
Introduction; Classification of animal distribution; pattern of distribution (cosmopolitan discontinuous, bipolar and selected); reason for discontinuous distribution; Zoogeography; Wallace’s Line.

Chapter 11 Freshwater Habitat [Ecology]
Introduction; types of freshwater habitats (lontic and latic habitat); lake eutrophication; principal lakes of India; freshwater adaptation; classes of river water quality.

Chapter 12 Marine Ecology
Introduciton; characteristics; zonation of marine habitat (pelagic and benthic region); adaptation of deep-sea fauna; Law of the sea and exclusive economic zone.

Chapter 13 Coral Reefs
Introduction; definition; distribution; coloration; who forms the coral reef ? composition; types of coral reef; theories of coral reef formation; significance of coral reef.

Chapter 14 Estuarine Ecology
Introduction; estuarine area of India; ecological characteristics; biota of estuaries; types of estuaries; principal estuaries-Chilka Lake; brakishwater farms in India.

Chapter 15 Planktons
Introduction; definition; occurrence; types; common phyto and zooplanktons of Indian waters; significance of planktons.

Chapter 16 Environmental Pollution and Public Health
Introduction; definition (pollution and pollutants); classification of pollutants; causes of environmental pollution; types of pollution; pollution in relation to public health; Role of green chemistry for sustainable future.

Chapter 17 Major Anthropogenic Global Problems
1. Acid rain 2. Eutrophication 3. Greenhouse effect 4. Smog 5. Ozone depletion.

Chapter 18 Air Pollution
Definition; sources; principal types and common air pollutants; sources and effects; occupational diseases; major air pollution episodes; ecological effects; prevention and control of air pollution; biological indications for air pollution; odorous air pollutants.



Chapter 19 Water Pollution
Introduction; definition, sources; categories; biological magnification; BOD; water pollution control.

Chapter 20 Noise Pollution
Introduction; definition of noise; and noise pollution; sources; types; measurement of noise, unit of sound; sound levels of different sources; adverse effects of noise in human beings; ambient noise standards; prevention and control of noise pollution; general misconceptions about loud noise.

Chapter 21 Radioactive Pollution
Introduction; types; sources of radioactive pollution; radioisotopes; half-life of important radionuclides; measurement of radiation; effects of ionizing radiation; mechanism of ionizing radiation reaction; types of high energy radiation; effects of non-ionizing radiations; beneficial aspects of radiation; biological magnification of radioactive elements; maximum permissible dose; preventive measures from radiation; important radiation episodes.

Chapter 22 Thermal Pollution
Introduction; sources of thermal pollution; effects of thermal pollution and prevention.

Chapter 23 Pesticide Pollution
Definition, classification; Synthetic insecticides-organo chlorine; organophosphates; carbamates; pyrethroids; dinitrophenols; herbicides; fungicides; other pesticides- rodenticides; molluscicides; piscicides; uses of pesticides, pathways of pesticides in to the environment; effects of pesticides, fate of pesticides, salient features of pesticides, control of pesticidal pollution.

Chapter 24 Soil [Land] Pollution
Introduction, definition of soil pollution; sources of soil pollution; detrimental effects of soil pollutants; diseases caused due to soil pollution; Procedures for reducing control soil pollution; Biodynamic farming in India; Soil indicator plants.

Chapter 25 Wild Life in India
Introduction, historical background; aims of wildlife conservation; importance of wildlife conservation; necessity for conservation; causes of wildlife depletion; endangered fauna of India; projects for endangered species; methods of wildlife conservation; administrative and legislative measures for wildlife protection.

Chapter 26 Endangered Flora of India
Introduction; rare species of plants; their categories and definitions; endangered flora of India; Medicinal plants of India from conservation view point; Biological resources; Gene and seed banks.

Chapter 27 Environmental Organizations,Laws and Policies
International organizations, national organizations, environmental laws and policies.

Chapter 28 Environmental Impact and Risk Assessment
Introduction; EIA: definition and scope characteristics; parameters for EIA; objectives of EIA; EIA wing; risk assessment; hazard identification; toxicity assessment; exposure assessment and risk characterization.

Chatper 29 Biodiversity
Introduction; Major components of biodivesity– 1- Plant genetic resources; 2- Animal genetic resources, 3- Fish genetic resources and 4- Microbial genetic resources; types of biodiversity; causes of loss of biodiversity; world’s biodiversity outlook; biodiversity profile of India; biodiversity related projects in India; what needs to be done for biodiversity conservation: I – At national level, and II- At international level; DNA technology to the aid of biodiversity conservation; value of biodiversity; international conventions on biodiversity; biodiversity act 2003; economic importance of biodiversity and key terms related to biodiversity.