ITK in Fisheries Sector of West Coast of India
ITK in Fisheries Sector of West Coast of India
by Sharma et al
Year 2012
Paperback/Hardbound Hardbound
ISBN 10 9380428715
ISBN 13 9789380428710
Language English
Outside India Price USD 124.95
Priceर 2495.00 र 2121.00
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Published in Year '2012'
Book Details
Untitled Document

CONTENTS OF THE BOOK

1. Harvesting ................................................................. 1
1.1 Ottal Koodu : The Traditional Trap of Kerala ...........................3
1.2 Vattavalai — Trap Used to Catch Crab ...................................4
1.3 Kutti Vala - the Traditional Stake Nets of Kerala Coastal Waters ....6
1.4 Kallu Moodal: Fishing by Covering Stones with Conical Net ..........8
1.5 Adiyal : Fishing Using Scare Line ...................................... 10
1.6 Identification of Pelagic Fish Shoals ................................... 12
1.7 Light Fishing Along the River Sita in Udupi District of Karnataka ..................................................... 14
1.8 Catching Whale Shark by Using Indigenous Hooks, Floats and Plank Built Canoe ............................................ 16
1.9 Off Shore Seaweed Harvesting and Transportation ................. 18
1.10 Use of Salt for Driving Out Razor Clam (Solen sp.) from the Burrow .......................................................... 20
1.11 Fish Catching by Wooden Enclosures (Wada) ......................... 21
1.12 Harvesting Fish by Stone Wada ........................................ 23
1.13 Cast Netting of Inshore Sepia sp. ...................................... 25
1.14 Indigenous Method to Haul Boats ...................................... 26
1.15 Numbing of Mud Crabs................................................... 27
1.16 Padangu — A Traditional Fish Aggregating Device of Kerala ........ 28
1.17 Changadam Pachil — A Traditional Prawn Trapping Method ....... 30
1.18 Petal — A Traditional Trap Used in Kaipadu (prawn filtration fields of north Kerala) ............................... 31
1.19 Kurea — A Traditional Basket Used for Hand Picking of Shrimp and Fish .......................................................... 32
1.20 Pole and Line Fishing Using Traditional Crafts in Lakshadweep ..... 33
1.21 Wahoo Fishing Using Dummy Fish (Poimeen) ........................ 35
1.22 Trap Fishing in Lagoon .................................................. 37
1.23 Chilla : Wooden Spikes Used for Fishing .............................. 39
1.24 Octopus Hunting Using Sharp Iron Spears ............................ 41
1.25 Bluish Green Colour on Sea Surface as an Indication of Dense Mackerel Shoal .................................................... 43
1.26 Pagoli - A Tool for Catching Crabs ...................................... 44
1.27 Tangus Gal/Fansi to Catch Mudskippers .............................. 46
1.28 An Attachment Device for Dol Net to Catch Cat Fish ................ 48
1.29 Hili - Gear for Catching Mysids and Acetes ........................... 49
1.30 Kata (thorn) to Close the Crab Claws .................................. 50
1.31 Nachani (Finger Millet) as an Attractant for Catching of Giant Freshwater Prawn ................................................. 51
1.32 Bagali (Trap) for Collection of Giant Freshwater Prawn Seed ...... 52
1.33 Maintenance of Fishing Crafts ......................................... 53
1.34 Tanning or Coloration of Long Line Ropes made up of Cotton Based Fibre ....................................................... 55
1.35 Lessening Wear and Tear of Outrigger Side Wooden Beams ....... 57
1.36 Methods of Hull Construction, Plank Interlocking System and Overall Maintenance ....................................... 58
1.37 Dol Net to Catch Bombay Duck ......................................... 60
1.38 Treatment of Craft with Cashew Nut Shell Oil ........................ 62
1.39 Freshwater Crab Fishing Using a Traditional Trap (Garda) ......... 63
1.40 Wild Seed Collection of Sea Bass (Jitada) Lates calcarifer ......... 65
1.41 Bagla - Bagli : Indigenous Fish Trap ................................... 67
1.42 Trap for Harvesting Freshwater Crabs ................................ 69
1.43 Harvesting of Sea Urchins .............................................. 70
1.44 Zilla - Traditional Trap along the Konkan Coast...................... 71
1.45 Collection of Mudskippers on Sea Coast of Bhavnagar .............. 73
1.46 Catching Seabass From Hideouts Below Boulders .................... 74
1.47 Freshwater Fish Catching from Impoundments ...................... 76
1.48 Mud Banks - Shrimp Harvesting Grounds ............................. 77
1.49 Cast Net — Traditional Gear to Catch Fish............................ 78
1.50 Bundle of Tamarind Branches for Collection of Giant Freshwater Prawn Seed........................................... 80
1.51 Keduta Paad : Chance Fisheries ........................................ 82
1.52 Use of Khul (type of trap) for Catching Catfish and Carps during Monsoon ................................................... 84
1.53 Capture of Mullets by a Country Craft Called Thou .................. 85
1.54 Effective Harvesting of Shrimps in Undrainable Ponds ............. 86
1.55 Effect of Tide on Fish Catch and Net Operation ..................... 88
1.56 Effect of Lunar Cycle on Fish Catch.................................... 90
1.57 Catching Whale Shark by Trawlers ..................................... 92
1.58 Brass Coins as Washers in Boat ........................................ 94
1.59 Appearance of White Sardines on Surface of Sea ................... 95
1.60 Wooden Sluice Gates in Traditional Brackish Water Farms in Goa ...................................................... 96
1.61 Material (type of wood) Used for Construction of Fishing Crafts ............................................................. 97
1.62 Wooden Floats from Pangara (Erythrina indica) Tree for Rampani ......................................................... 99
1.63 Harvesting Method of Crab by Multiple Lift Traps .................. 101


2. Processing .............................................................. 103

2.1 Preparation of Clam Extract ........................................... 105
2.2 Preparation of Koyal bangda (coal mackerel) ........................ 106
2.3 Falsa — A Traditional Fish Drying Method ............................ 108
2.4 Traditional Fish Drying Methods ....................................... 109
2.5 Methods to Process Fish ................................................ 111
2.6 Smoking of Fish for Preservation ..................................... 113
2.7 Chemmeen Parippu - Traditional Method of Shrimp Preservation in Kerala ......................................... 114
2.8 Masmeen Preparation from Skipjack Tuna ........................... 116
2.9 Preservation of Mackerel in Salt ...................................... 118
2.10 Drying of Mackerel in Sand Pits with Salt Layers .................... 119
2.11 Practice of Preserving Fish in Sand ................................... 120
2.12 Utilization of By-Products of Fish ..................................... 121
2.13 Extracting Pearl Dust from Window Pane Oyster .................... 123
2.14 Harvesting of Marine Pearl from Windowpane Oyster, Placuna placenta ........................................................ 124
2.15 Submerged Wooden Box for Live Storage of Mud and Green Crab .................................................... 126
2.16 Traditional Method of Strengthening Cotton Nets .................. 127
3. Water Quality Management.......................................... 129
3.1 Use of Garlic Paste for Control of Blue Green Algae ................ 131
3.2 Use of Buttermilk In Shrimp Culture Ponds for Treating Bacterial Luminescence in Water........................... 133
3.3 Use of ‘Tadi’ (local liquor) for pH Control in Shrimp Culture Ponds ................................................... 135

4. Therapeutics ........................................................... 137
4.1 Use of Cuttlefish Bone for Relief from Ear Ache/ Discomfort and as Tongue Cleaner for Babies ....................... 139
4.2 Utilisation of Body Parts of Large Sciaenid Fishes as a Traditional Cure for Common Ailments ......................... 141
4.3 Cephalopods as a Traditional Cure for Human Ailments ........... 142
4.4 Sciaenid Fishes as a Traditional Cure for Eye Ailments of Humans ................................................ 143
4.5 Use of Marine Turtle Eggs for Cure of Respiratory Diseases ...... 144
4.6 Utilisation of Marine Gastropod as a Traditional Cure for Epilepsy ........................................... 145


5.1 Seed Collection of Scampi (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) from Narmada Estuary .................................................. 149
5.2 String Tied Method of Rearing Green Crab, Scylla tranquebarica .................................................... 151
5.3 Fish Growout Practices in Paddy Field Ditches ...................... 153
5.4 Plantation of Prickly Pear to Prevent Entry of Otters in Fish Ponds ..................................................... 155
5.5 Use of Ropes Over Shrimp Ponds to Scare Away Birds .............. 156
5.6 Rice-cum-Fish Culture in Khazan Lands of Goa ..................... 158
5.7 Luring of Fish Seed ..................................................... 160


6. Beliefs ................................................................... 161
6.1 Appearance of Black Worms “Puri” as Prediction of Cyclones .... 163
6.2 Time Prediction Through Stars ........................................ 165
6.3 Deciding the Time for Night Fishing .................................. 167
6.4 Location of Fish Shoals in Water During Day Time ................. 169
6.5 Prediction of Cyclones .................................................. 170
6.6 Marine Fisheries Using Clues from Celestial Bodies ................ 171
6.7 Appearance of Clouds in Different Shapes During
Sunset Indicates Subsiding of Storm ................................. 173
6.8 Navigation Techniques Followed by Fishers .......................... 174
6.9 Harvesting of Crabs with Respect to Lunar Cycle ................... 175
6.10 Clouds Surrounding Sun in Circular Manner as an Indicator of Rough Sea.................................................. 177
6.11 Rainbow as an Indicator of Rough Sea ............................... 178
6.12 Splashing of Water as an Indicator of Sardine Shoals .............. 180
6.13 Wind Direction as an Indicator of Sea Erosion and Availability of Fish ...................................................... 181
6.14 Appearance of Circle Around the Moon as an Indicator of Rain......................................................... 183
6.15 Whales as Indicators of Fish Shoals .................................. 184
6.16 Air Bubbles as an Indicator of Oil Sardine ........................... 186

7. Local Technology ...................................................... 187
7.1 Yellow Pigmented Jitada (sea bass-Lates calcarifer) ............... 189
7.2 Tobacco Plantation to Prevent Entry of Snakes in Fish Ponds ..... 191
7.3 Prevention of Soil Erosion .............................................. 193
7.4 Use of Shrimp Head Waste to Prepare Organic Manure ............ 195
7.5 Frozen Tilapia for Treatment of Sea Bass (Lates calcarifer) ...... 197
7.6 Hydrogen Peroxide (H2O2) to Eliminate Low Dissolved Oxygen Problem in Shrimp Culture Ponds ............................ 198
7.7 Goan Fish Curry Rice .................................................... 200
7.8 Reconditioning of Engine Oil ........................................... 203
7.9 Small Machine for Pulling of Fishing Vessel on Sandy Coast ....... 205
7.10 Gill Net Vertical Marking Buoy ......................................... 207
7.11 Use of Bicycle Spokes for Making Fishing Hooks by Pagadia Fishermen ...................................................... 209
7.12 Harvesting of Freshwater Crab Using Lantern ...................... 210
7.13 Ranthal — a Hurricane Lamp Used for Fishing in Prawn Filtration Field ................................................... 211
7.14 Use of the Plant Dhaincha (Sesbania rostrata) as Feed and Fertilizer in Freshwater Aquaculture ............................. 212